In India, agriculture is one of the most important sectors. It contributes about 15% to the GDP and employs almost half of the total workforce. The sector has been facing a number of challenges in recent years due to changing weather patterns and other factors.
Agricultural science is a field of science that studies the production and utilization of food, fibre, fuel, and other materials important to society.
Agriculture mostly include the cultivation of crops and the care of livestock. Although, in today’s world, farming is thought to be confined to the cultivation of crops, it encompasses a far broader range of activities such as animal husbandry, milk production, and so on.
India’s Agriculture History
For a long time, our agriculture was not completely established, and we were unable to feed our people. Our nation used to import wheat from other countries, but that is no longer the case.
India now produces more food grains than it consumes. Some grain is sent to other nations. Extreme advances have been achieved in agriculture, and the green revolution in agriculture has been brought about through our five-year programs.
In India, the government has agricultural plans.
Our government has a number of agricultural development initiatives in the works. On many important rivers, canals and dams were constructed to supply water for agriculture. Tube wells and pump sets were built for farmers to use for irrigation where canal water could not reach.
The introduction of improved seeds, fertilizers, and new technology in agriculture has resulted in a Green Revolution in agriculture, which has boosted our agricultural output by a factor of ten, yet development is still insufficient. We did not have sufficient irrigation infrastructure in the past.
Farmers relied mostly on rainfall for irrigation, and canals and tube wells were scarce. As part of the five-year plan, our government has constructed dams on the following rivers:
Project Bhakra-Nangal Hirakud Dam, Damodar Valley Project Dam Nagarjuna Sagar Krishna Sagar Dam is a man-made reservoir in India. Mettur Dam is a dam in Mettur, India.
Water is now gathered in huge lakes and reservoirs for use in industry and agriculture, as well as for power generation.
Agriculture’s Role in Economic Planning
Agriculture is intertwined with a variety of other businesses. Transportation, for example, is an essential component of the Department of Agriculture since it is responsible for transporting agricultural products from one location to another or from one nation to another. Agriculture helps to support other sectors in this manner.
Agriculture in India is advancing.
Rice and wheat are the most significant food staples in Indian agriculture. India is the world’s second-largest fruit-producing nation. India is the world’s biggest producer, consumer, and exporter of spices, and it is the world’s largest producer, consumer, and exporter of spices.
The Indian food and grocery market is one of the world’s biggest. The Indian food processing sector, which accounts for 32 percent of the country’s overall food market and ranks fifth in terms of production, consumption, and export, is one of the country’s biggest industries.
Even while agriculture is critical to our country’s economy, we must also protect the environment.
As a result, new sophisticated technologies must be developed to minimize or eliminate all of agriculture’s harmful impacts in order to preserve our environment while still meeting the demands of a rising population.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is agriculture in few words?
Agriculture is the process of cultivating, growing, and harvesting food or cash crops.
What is agriculture short note?
Agriculture short note is a type of banknote that was used in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.
What is the agriculture of India?
The agriculture of India is a diverse and vibrant sector that contributes significantly to the economy. It includes farming, animal husbandry, forestry, fisheries, food processing and others.
- sustainable farming
- organic agriculture